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Ocimum basilicum Linn

English Name :- Ocimum basilicum Linn

Botanical Name :- Ocimum basilicum Linn


Parts - Used:- Whole-plant, Roots, Leaves and seeds.

Habit :- Annual, much branched aromatic herb about 1-3 feet high, stem is square and hairy; green or purplish cycles of flowers.

Taste :- Bitter/Acrid

Chemical Constituents :- Plant Contains:- Ocimene, Methyl chavicol, Ceneol, Linalool, Pinene- Camphor terpin hydrate. It also contains an aromatic oil, It becomes solid when it is kept.


Whole plant in: Gonorrhea, Dysentery, Chronic diarrhea, Bowel complaints, Anthelmintic, Anti-bacterial, Anti-fungal, Also helpful to dissolve renal Calculii, Cough, Indigestion, Eczema, Ulcer, Snake venome, Polyuria, Disuria.

  • It is used as a germicide bactericide, Deodorant and anti-oedematous.
  • Its fresh juice when dropped in ear relieves ear ache.
  • Its paste with black pepper is used as insecticides.
  • Its paste is used locally to stop bleeding.
  • Its juice along with honey removes hiccups.
  • Its oil is used as pain killer.
  • Its leaves juice with honey is good for obese persons.
  • Tulsi leaves and honey ease sore throat.
  • It is very useful for children against cough, cold, diarrhea and vomiting etc.
  • It is good for sore eyes and night blindness. Use 1-2 drops of its juice into eyes.
  • It lowers cholesterol, stress level, blood sugar level and blood pressure.
  • It calms nervous and muscular spasms and convulsions.
  • It eases tension and cleans blood.
  • It is anti-inflammatory.
  • Its leaves are used for making the brew and tea.
  • Its crushed leaves mixed with lemon juice relieves old eczema.
A word of caution
The combination of basil and milk must be avoided. Basil and heated honey should not be consumed together in any case.

Information on the traditional uses and properties of herbs provided on the site is for educational use only, and is not intended as medical advice. Every attempt has been made for accuracy but none is guaranteed. Many traditional uses and properties of this herb have not been validated by the FDA. If you have any serious health concern you should consult with your health care practitioner before self administering this herb.